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Geology and Geomorphology of Alluvial and Fluvial Fans: Terrestrial and Planetary Perspectives

Product Code: SP440
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by D. Ventra and L.E. Clarke
Publication Date: 04 July 2018
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Description

Special Publication 440

Alluvial and fluvial fans are the most widespread depositional landform bordering the margins of highland regions and actively subsiding continental basins, across a broad spectrum of tectonic and climatic settings. They are significant to the local morphodynamics of mountain regions and also to the evolution of sediment-routing systems, affecting the propagation and preservation of stratigraphic signals of environmental change over vast areas.

The volume presents case studies discussing the geology and geomorphology of alluvial and fluvial fans from both active systems and ancient ones preserved in the stratigraphic record. It brings together case studies from a range of continents, climatic and tectonic settings, some introducing innovative monitoring and analysis techniques, and it provides an overview of current debates in the field.

This volume will be of particular interest to geologists, geomorphologists, sedimentologists and the general reader with an interest in Earth science.

Published online 11/06/2018. Print copies available from 04/07/2018.

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Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN:
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 9781786202673
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 353
Weight: 1 kg

Contents

VENTA D. & CLARKE, L. E. Geology and geomorphology of alluvial and fluvial fans: current progress and research perspectives

Alluvial fans

GILES, P. T., WHITEHOUSE, B. M. & KARYMBALIS, E. Interactions between alluvial fans and axial rivers in Yukon, Canada and Alaska, USA

KARYMBALIS, E., FERENTINOU, M. & GILES, P. T. Use of morphometric variables and self-organizing maps to identify clusters of alluvial fans and catchments in the north Peloponnese, Greece

HARVEY, A. M., STOKES, M., MATHER, A. & WHITFIELD (NÉE MAHER), E. Spatial characteristics of the Pliocene to modern alluvial fan successions in the uplifted sedimentary basins of Almería, SE Spain: review and regional synthesis

LELEU, S. & HARTLEY, A. J. Constraints on synrift intrabasinal horst development from alluvial fan and aeolian deposits (Triassic, Fundy Basin, Nova Scotia)

MATHER, A. E. & STOKES, M. Bedrock structural control on catchment-scale connectivity and alluvial fan processes, High Atlas Mountains, Morocco

VENTRA, D., ABELS, H. A., HILGEN, F. J. & DE BOER, P. L. Orbital-climate control of mass-flow sedimentation in a Miocene alluvial-fan succession (Teruel Basin, Spain)

NICHOLS, G. High-resolution estimates of rates of depositional processes from an alluvial fan succession in the Miocene of the Ebro Basin, northern Spain

GHINASSI, M. & IELPI, A. Morphodynamics and facies architecture of streamflow-dominated, sand-rich alluvial fans, Pleistocene Upper Valdarno Basin, Italy

DEGANUTTI, A. M., TECCA, P. R. & NIGRO, G. Comparative numerical modelling of a debris-flow fan in the Eastern Italian Alps

Fluvial fans

MOSCARIELLO, A. Alluvial fans and fluvial fans at the margins of continental sedimentary basins: geomorphic and sedimentological distinction for geo-energy exploration and development

ARZANI, N. & JONES, S. J. Upstream controls on evolution of dryland alluvial megafans: Quaternary examples from the Kohrud Mountain Range, central Iran

BILMES, A. & VEIGA, G. D. Linking mid-scale distributive fluvial systems to drainage basin area: geomorphological and sedimentological evidence from the endorheic Gastre Basin, Argentina

RADEBAUGH, J., VENTRA, D., LORENZ, R. D., FARR, T., KIRK, R., HAYES, A., MALASKA, M. J., BIRCH, S., LIU, Z. Y.-C., LUNINE, J., BARNES, J., LE GALL, A., LOPES, R., STOFAN, E., WALL, S. & PAILLOU, P. Alluvial and fluvial fans on Saturn’s moon Titan reveal processes, materials and regional geology

MAJUMDER, D. & GHOSH, P. Characteristics of the drainage network of the Kosi Megafan, India and its interaction with the August 2008 flood flow

BURBERY, L. F., MOORE, C. R., JONES, M. A., ABRAHAM, P. M., HUMPHRIES, B. L. & CLOSE, M. E. Study of connectivity of open framework gravel facies in the Canterbury Plains aquifer using smoke as a tracer


Index

Reviews

Robert Anderson
28.01.2019

The volume is made up of 16 papers divided into three sections. The first section is, in part, an introduction to alluvial and fluvial fans, the second part is a report on the progress on studying the fans, while the third part discusses potential areas for further research. The other two sections of the volume are on alluvial and fluvial fans. Each paper is written to be able to stand alone.

The volume presents a clear distinction between alluvial and fluvial fans. The definitions and descriptions of the geologic and geomorphic differences between the fan types establishes a common ground for discussion in the volume and is helpful for workers at all levels of competency. Several papers show the relationships between sediment sources and channels near the fan head, as well as changes in either local geomorphology or climate. However, none of the papers address the changes in fan characteristics with respect to strike-slip faulting along a range front and the lateral defection of fans as a mapping tool. Many faults along mountain fronts are highlighted by offset drainages in fans; however, this basic tool is not discussed.

The value of the volume could be increased by adding papers covering topics such as the hazards of building on or the development of water resources within fans, as well as concerns regarding mining fans for building materials. In addition, the volume contains only one paper on alluvial and fluvial features on Titan. This deficiency suggests that the number of planetary papers should have been increased in the volume or that the Titan paper should have been contained in a sister volume.

Overall, the volume is a helpful general resource for descriptions of mainly terrestrial alluvial and fluvial fans. I found the volume useful, especially after reading it a second time. I recommend the volume for persons who are not all that familiar with describing and understanding the growth and general features found in many alluvial and fluvial fans, and as a secondary resource reference for classes in geomorphology and sedimentary geology.

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