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Reservoir Quality of Clastic and Carbonate Rocks: Analysis, Modelling and Prediction

Product Code: SP435
Series: GSL Special Publications - print copy
Author/Editor: Edited by P.J. Armitage, A.R. Butcher, J.M. Churchill, A.E. Csoma, C. Hollis, R.H. Lander, J.E. Omma and R.H. Worden
Publication Date: 05 June 2018
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Special Publication 435

Reservoir quality is studied using a wide range of similar techniques in both sandstones and carbonates. Sandstone and carbonate reservoir quality both benefit from the study of modern analogues and experiments, but modelling approaches are currently quite different for these two types of reservoirs. There are many common controls on sandstone and carbonate reservoir quality, but also distinct differences due primarily to mineralogy. 

Numerous controversies remain including the question of oil inhibition, the key control on pressure solution and geochemical flux of material to or from reservoirs. This collection of papers contains case-study-based examples of sandstone and carbonate reservoir quality prediction as well as modern analogue, outcrop analogue, modelling and advanced analytical approaches.

Published online 14/05/2018. Print copies available from 05/06/2018

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Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN:
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 9781786201393
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 453
Weight: 1.15 kg


WORDEN, R. H., ARMITAGE, P. J., BUTCHER, A. R., CHURCHILL, J., CSOMA, A., HOLLIS, C., LANDER, R. & OMMA, J. Petroleum reservoir quality prediction: overview and contrasting approaches from sandstone and carbonate communities

TOSCA, N. J. &WRIGHT, V. P. Diagenetic pathways linked to labile Mg-clays in lacustrinecarbonate reservoirs: a model for the origin of secondary porosity in the Cretaceous pre-salt Barra Velha Formation, offshore Brazil

MORAD, D., PAGANONI, M., AL HARTHI, A., MORAD, S., CERIANI, A., MANSURBEG, H., AL SUWAIDI, A., AL-AASM, I. S. & EHRENBERG, S. N. Origin and evolution of microporosity in packstones and grainstones in a Lower Cretaceous carbonate reservoir, United Arab Emirates

BARNETT, A.J., WRIGHT, V.P., CHANDRA, V.S. & JAIN, V. Distinguishing between eogenetic, unconformity-related and mesogenetic dissolution: a case study from the Panna and Mukta fields, offshore Mumbai, India

MAHDI, T. A. & AQRAWI, A. A. M. Role of facies diversity and cyclicity on the reservoir quality of the mid-Cretaceous Mishrif Formation in the southern Mesopotamian Basin, Iraq

JOHN, C. M. Burial estimates constrained by clumped isotope thermometry: example of the Lower Cretaceous Qishn Formation (Haushi-Huqf High, Oman)

DANESHVAR, E. & WORDEN, R. H. Feldspar alteration and Fe minerals: origin, distribution and implications for sandstone reservoir quality in estuarine sediments

BUSCH, B., WINKLER, R., OSIVANDI, K., NOVER, G., AMANN-HILDENBRAND, A. & HILGERS, C. Evolution of small-scale flow barriers in German Rotliegend siliciclastics

GRIFFITHS, J., FAULKNER, D. R., EDWARDS, A. P. & WORDEN, R. H. Deformation band development as a function of intrinsic host-rock properties in Triassic Sherwood Sandstone

POTEET, J. E., GOLDSTEIN, R. H. & FRANSEEN, E. K. Diagenetic controls on the location of reservoir sweet spots relative to palaeotopographical and structural highs

WANG, W., MADLAND, M. V., ZIMMERMANN, U., NERMOEN, A., KORSNES, R. I., BERTOLINO, S. R. A. & HILDEBRAND-HABEL, T. Evaluation of porosity change during chemo-mechanical compaction in flooding experiments on Liége outcrop chalk

CONSONNI, A., FRIXA, A. &MARAGLIULO, C. Hydrothermal dolomitization: simulation by reaction transport modelling

CHUDI, O. K., LEWIS, H., STOW, D. A. V. & BUCKMAN, J. O. Reservoir quality prediction of deep-water Oligocene sandstones from the west Niger Delta by integrated petrological, petrophysical and basin modelling

NGUYEN, D. T., HORTON, R. A. Jr & KAESS, A. B. Diagenesis, plagioclase dissolution and preservation of porosity in Eocene and Oligocene sandstones at the Greeley oil field,southern San Joaquin basin, California, USA

KING, B. D. & GOLDSTEIN, R. H. History of hydrothermal fluid flow in the midcontinent, USA: the relationship between inverted thermal structure, unconformities and porosity distribution

STRICKER, S. & JONES, S. J. Enhanced porosity preservation by pore fluid overpressure and chlorite grain coatings in the Triassic Skagerrak, Central Graben, North Sea, UK

WELLS, M., HIRST, P., BOUCH, J., WHEAR, E. & CLARK, N. Deciphering multiple controls on reservoir quality and inhibition of quartz cement in a complex reservoir: Ordovician glacial sandstones, Illizi Basin, Algeria

GÖTTE, T. Trace element composition of authigenic quartz in sandstones and its correlation with fluid–rock interaction during diagenesis

GIER, S., WORDEN, R. H. & KROIS, P. Comparing clay mineral diagenesis in interbedded sandstones and mudstones, Vienna Basin, Austria

KIRALY, C., SENDULA, E., SZAMOSFALVI, Á., KÁLDOS, R., KÓNYA, P., KOVÁCS, I. J., FÜRI, J., BENDÖ, Z. & FALUS, G. The relevance of dawsonite precipitation in CO2 sequestration in the Mihályi-Répcelak area, NW Hungary

GELONI, C., ORTENZI, A. & CONSONNI, A. Reactive transport modelling of compacting siliciclastic sediment diagenesis


Simon Kettle

This volume followed the Geological Society of London conference of the same name. The conference and this publication showcase the latest understanding and controversies through discussion and case-study in clastic and carbonate reservoir quality. The opening sentence of the first paper summarizes the importance of this volume for petroleum exploration and reservoir development, stating how reservoir quality is the fundamental control on the economic viability of a petroleum accumulation.

The volume discusses how reservoir quality is studied by almost separate specialist communities, one for clastic rocks and one for carbonate rocks. Yet, these communities utilise a wide range of similar techniques and both benefit from the study of modern analogues. However, it must be noted that modelling approaches are quite different for these two families of rock type.

The opening introductory paper summarizes the significant difference in controls on reservoir quality per sediment type and very clearly states how reservoir quality is controlled by interdependent sedimentary and diagenetic factors that can be bracketed into depositional characteristics, eodiagenesis, mesodiagenesis and telodiagenesis. It is worth reiterating how these factors include the primary make-up of sediments (e.g. high-Mg vs Aragonitic calcite in carbonates and the relative quantities of quartz, feldspars and clays in clastics) and sedimentation (including depositional environment and hinterland conditions), as well as diagenetic (compaction, recrystallization, dissolution, pore water composition, burials depth etc.) processes.

Numerous controversies remain in the study of diagenetic processes that impact reservoir quality. These debates are reviewed, including the difference between chemical compaction and pressure solution features, geochemical flux of material to or from reservoir formations, the impact of hydrocarbon emplacement on the diagenesis of a formation and the long-lived research on digenesis of burial dolomitization.

This collection of papers contains case-study based examples of sandstone and carbonate reservoir quality prediction, including a fascinating paper on how areas of good reservoir quality in The Raytown Limestone of Kansas were created by successive diagenetic events, resulting in the spatial distribution of good reservoir quality being correlated to palaeotopographical and structural highs. An additional case-study based paper looks at the impact of a diverse depositional environment and depositional cyclicity on reservoir quality of the mid-Cretaceous Mishrif Formation, finding that a change in reservoir quality could be systematically interpreted, using porosity logs, within regressive cycles that contained deep-marine to shallower-shelf-margin facies that include rudist shoals.

The volume also presents papers on modern analogues, outcrop analogues, modelling and advanced analytical approaches. I recommend this volume as a source for understanding reservoir quality because of the great topical reviews and plentiful accompanying case-studies.

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