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Fractal Analysis for Natural Hazards

Product Code: SP261
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by G Cello and B D Malamud
Publication Date: 28 September 2006
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Description

Geological Society Special Publication 261

In the Earth Sciences, the concept of fractals and scale invariance is well-recognized in many natural objects. However, the use of fractals for spatial and temporal analyses of natural hazards has been less used (and accepted) in the Earth Sciences. This book brings together twelve contributions that emphasize the role of fractal analyses in natural hazard research, including landslides, wildfires, floods, catastrophic rock fractures and earthquakes. A wide variety of spatial and temporal fractal-related approaches and techniques are applied to ‘natural’ data, experimental data, and computer simulations. These approaches include probabilistic hazard analysis, cellular-automata models, spatial analyses, temporal variability, prediction, and self-organizing behaviour. The main aims of this volume are to present current research on fractal analyses as applied to natural hazards, and to stimulate the curiosity of advanced Earth Science students and researchers in the use of fractals analyses for the better understanding of natural hazards.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-201-3
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-201-4
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 184
Weight: 0.8 kg

Contents

An inverse cascade explanation for the power-law frequency–area statistics of earthquakes, landslides and wildfires, B D Malamud and D L Turcotte • Typical phases of pre-failure damage in granitic rocks under differential compression, X Lei •  Flow in multiscale fractal fracture networks, P Davy, O Bour, J -R De Dreuzy and C Darcel • Crustal stress crises and seismic activity in the Italian peninsula investigated by fractal analysis of acoustic emission, soil exhalation and seismic data, G Paparo, G P Gregori, M Poscolieri, I Marson, F Angelucci and G Glorioso • Crustal stress and seismic activity in the Ionian archipelago as inferred by satellite- and ground-based observations, Kefallinìa, Greece, M Poscolieri, E Lagios, G P  Gregori, G Paparo, V A Sakkas, I Parcharidis, I Marson, K Soukis, E Vassilakis, F Angelucci and S  Vassilopoulou  • Nonlinear Science issues in the dynamics of unstable rock slopes: new tools for rock fall risk assessment and early warnings, J Zvelebil, M Paluš and D Novotná • Multifractal variability in self-potential signals measured in seismic areas, L Telesca, V Lapenna and M Macchiato • A general landslide distribution applied to a small inventory in Todi, Italy, D L Turcotte, B D Malamud, F Guzzetti and P Reichenbach  • Scaling properties of the dimensional and spatial characteristics of fault and fracture systems in the Majella Mountain, central Italy, L Marchegiani, J P Van Dijk, P A Gillespie, E Tondi and G Cello • Evidence for the existence of a simple relation between earthquake magnitude and the fractal dimension of seismogenic faults: a case study from central Italy, G Cello, L Marchegiani and E Tondi • Power-law extreme flood frequency, R Kidson, K S Richards and P A Carling • Models, data and mechanisms: quantifying wildfire regimes, J D A Millington, G L W Perry and B D Malamud 



 

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