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Flow Processes in Faults and Shear Zones

Product Code: SP224
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by G I Alsop, R E Holdsworth, K J W McCaffrey & M Hand
Publication Date: 11 May 2004
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Description

Faults and their deeper level equivalents, shear zones, are localized regions of intense deformation within the Earth. They are recognized at all scales from micro to plate boundary, and are important examples of the nature of heterogeneous deformation in natural rocks. Faults and shear zones are significant as they profoundly influence the location, architecture and evolution of a broad range of geological phenomena. The topography and bathymetry of the Earth’s surface is marked by mountain belts and sedimentary basins which are controlled by faults and shear zones. In addition faults and shear zones control fluid migration and transport including hydrothermal and hydrocarbon systems. Once faults and shear zones are established, they are often long-lived features prone to multiple reactivation over very large time-scales. This collection of papers addresses lithospheric deformation and the rheology of shear zones, together with processes of partitioning and the unravelling of fault and shear zone histories.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-153-X
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-153-6
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 392
Weight: 1.10 kg

Contents

Shear zones - an introduction and overview, G I Alsop and R E Holdsworth • Shear zones in the upper mantle: Evidence from alpine- and ophiolite-type periodotite massifs, A H Dijkstra, M R Drury, R L M Vissers, J Newman and H L M Van Roermund • Instability and localization of deformation in lower crust granulites, Minas fault zone, Nova Scotia, Canada, J C White • Microstructural evolution in a mylonitic quartz simple shear zone: the significant roles of dauphine twinning and misorientation, G E Lloyd • The application of GIS to unravel patterns of deformation in high grade terrains: a case study of indentor tectonics from west Greenland, S Piazolo,G I Alsop, B Moller, B Nielsen and J A M Van Gool • Rheology of a two-phase material with applications to partially molten rocks, plastic deformation and saturated soils, J L Vigneresse • A comparison of structural data and seismic images for low-angle normal faults in the Northern Apennines (Central Italy): constraints on activity, C Collettini and M R Barchi • Shear deformation of pelitic rocks in a large-scale natural fault, E Casciello, M Cesarano and J W Cosgrove • Insights from the Ocean Drilling Program on shear and fluid-flow at the mega-faults between actively converging plates, A Maltman and P Vannucchi • Contrasting styles of fluid-rock interaction within the West Fissure Zone in northern Chile, C Janssen, V Luders and A Hoffmann-Rothe • Ductile shearing, hydrous fluid channelling and high pressure metamorphism along the basement-cover contact on Sikinos, Cyclades, Greece, S Gupta and M J Bickle • Shear zone folds: records of flow perturbation or structural inheritance? G I Alsop and R E Holdsworth • Geometric and kinematic analysis of a transpression terrane boundary: Minas fault system, Nova Scotia, Canada, E A MacInnes and J C White • Development of local orthorhombic fabrics within a simple-shear dominated sinistral transpression zone: the Arronches sheared gneisses (Iberian Massif, Portugal), M F Pereira and J B Silva • Deformation in a complex crustal-scale shear zone: Errabiddy Shear Zone, Western Australia, S A Occhipinti and S M Reddy • Strain and vorticity analysis of transpressional high-strain zones from the Virginia Piedmont, USA, C M Bailey, B E Francis and E E Fahrney • Constraints on kinematics and strain from feldspar porphyroclast populations, S Giorgis and B Tikoff • Strain removal within the Hercynian Shear Belt of central Brittany (Western France): Methodology and tectonic implications, C Gumiaux, J P Brun and D Gapais • Strain and deformation history in a syntectonic pluton. The case of the Roses granodiorite (Cap de Creus, Eastern Pyrenees), J Carreras, E Druguet, A Griera and J Soldevila • Shear zones and metamorphic signature of subducted continental crust as tracers of the evolution of the Corsica/Northern Apennine orogenic system, G Molli and R Tribuzio • Crenulation-slip development in a Caledonian shear zone in NW Ireland: evidence for a multi-stage movement history, D M Chew, J S Daly, M J Flowerdew, M Kennedy and L M Page • Brittle-ductile shear zone evolution and fault initiation in limestones, Monte Cugnone (Lucania), southern Apennines, Italy, S Mazzoli, C Invernizzi, L Marchegiani, L Mattioni and G Cello •

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