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Climate: Past, Present & Future

Product Code: SP181
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by M. B. Hart
Publication Date: 24 November 2000
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Description

The Climate of the early earth was probably very warm and has, in general, reduced since the Archean. However, it seems that the world is about 0.6ºC warmer than it was 100 years ago and estimates of the rate of global warming over the next century range from 0.16ºC to 0.35ºC per decade. Concurrently, global sea-level is predicted to rise from 2.4 to 10cm per decade. These rates of change are much faster than those normally associated with the geological record, causing geologists and palaeontologists to reassess their data and their forecasts on rates of future change. With the current interest in global climatic change and, more specifically, with global warming, it is clear that palaeontologists have valuable information to provide on the impacts of past climatic change. This volume contains papers from an international array of such geologists and palaeontologists, showing how studies of micro- and macrofossils, plant and vertebrate fossils from a range of geological ages have contributed to our understanding of how climate affects both local and more widespread areas. The contributions are arranged in geological order, ranging from the Permo-Carboniferous to the post-glacial recovery of the last 18,000 years, with an emphasis on climate change during the last two million years, particularly in NW Europe. Readership: Palaeontologists, geologists and palaeoclimatologists with an interest in climate reconstructions. Any professional engaged in research into the geological aspects of climate change.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-075-4
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-075-1
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 200
Weight: 0.75 kg

Contents

Pre-Cenozoic Climates: Lamination and primary production in fossil lakes: relationship to palaeoclimate in the Carboniferous-Permian transition • Global terrestrial productivity in the Mesozoic era • Climatic modelling in the Cretaceous using the distribution of planktonic Foraminiferida • The Maastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) climate in the Northern Hemisphere • Mid-Cenozoic Climates • Palaeoclimatic evolution in the Miocene from the Transylvanian Depression reflected in the fossil record • Environmental changes in pre-evaporitic late Miocene time in the Lorca Basin (SE Spain): diatom results • Late Miocene climatic cycles and their effect on sedimentation (west Hungary) • Climatic oscillations versus environmental changes in the interpretation of Tertiary plant assemblages. Responses to Quaternary Climate Change • An integrated micropalaeontological approach applied to Late Pleistocene - Holocene palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental changes (Gaeta Bay, Tyrrhenian Sea) • Cooling evidence from Pleistocene shelf assemblages in SE Sicily • Late Glacial and Post-Glacial pollen records and inferred climatic changes from Lake Balaton and the Great Hungarian Plain • Palaeoceanography and numerical modelling: the Mediterranean Sea at times of sapropel formation • Pollen analysis of the Acerno palaeolacustrine succession (Middle Pleistocene, southern Italy). Vertebrate and Hominid Evolution as a Response to Climate Change • Large mammal turnover pulses correlated with latest Neogene glacial trends in the northwestern Mediterranean area • The contribution of Quaternary vertebrates to palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatological reconstructions in Sicily • Were climatic changes a driving force in hominid evolution? • Late Quaternary vertebrate taphocoenoses from cave deposits in southeastern Austria: responses in a periglacial setting. Index. Principal authors: A. Clausing, Institut fur Geologische und Geiseltalmuseum, Germany. D. J. Beerling, University of Sheffield, UK. M. B. Hart, University of Plymouth, UK. L. B. Goloneva, Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia. C. Chira, Babes-Blyai University, Romania. Th., Jurschat, Bundesanstalt fur Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Germany. M. Korpas-Hodi, Geological Institute of Hungary, Hungary. Z. Kvaek, Charles University, Czech Republic. F. O. Amore, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy. I. Di Geronimo, Catania University, Italy. E. Nagy-Bodor, Geological Institute of Hungary, Hungary. E. J. Rohling, University of Southampton, UK. E. Russo Ermoli, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy. B. Azanza, Museo Nacional de Ciencia Naturales, Spain. L. Bonfiglio, University of Messina, Italy. J. Chaline, Universite de Bourgogne, France. F. A. Fladerer, Universitat Wien, Austria.

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