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New Perspectives on the Caledonides of Scandinavia and Related Areas

Product Code: SP390
Series: GSL Special Publications - print copy
Author/Editor: Edited by F. Corfu, D. Gasser and D. M. Chew
Publication Date: 14 April 2014
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Special Publication 390

The Caledonides are a major orogenic belt that stretches from the Arctic, through Scandinavia, East Greenland, Britain and Ireland into the Atlantic coast of North America. Following the break-up of Rodinia, the Caledonides formed in the Palaeozoic by the drifting of various continents and their eventual aggregation in the Silurian and Devonian. The orogen subsequently fragmented during the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. This volume brings together 25 papers presenting the results of modern research that investigates the orogenic processes and the provenance of specific components of the belt. The contributions reflect different lines of research, linking traditional field studies with modern analytical techniques. In addition three overview papers summarize the main features of the belts in Scandinavia, Svalbard, East Greenland, Britain and Ireland, highlighting the advances made since the last major synthesis of the Scandinavian Caledonides 30 years ago, and discussing important open questions.

Published online 27/03/2014. Print copy available from 14/04/2014.

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Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN:
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-377-6
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 718
Weight: 1.7 kg



Introduction and geological overview

CORFU, F., GASSER, D. & CHEW, D. M. New perspectives on the Caledonides of Scandinavia and related areas: introduction

CORFU, F., ANDERSEN, T. B. & GASSER, D. The Scandinavian Caledonides: main features, conceptual advances and critical questions

CHEW, D. M. & STRACHAN, R. A. The Laurentian Caledonides of Scotland and Ireland

GASSER, D. The Caledonides of Greenland, Svalbard and other Arctic areas: status of research and open questions


Provenance of sedimentary units along the Baltoscandian margin

GEE, D. G., LADENBERGER, A., DAHLQVIST, P., MAJKA, J., BE’ERI-SHLEVIN, Y., FREI, D. & THOMSEN, T. The Baltoscandian margin detrital zircon signatures of the central Scandes

ANDRESEN, A., AGYEI-DWARKO, N. Y., KRISTOFFERSEN, M. & HANKEN, N.-M. A Timanian foreland basin setting for the late Neoproterozoic–Early Palaeozoic cover sequences (Dividal Group) of northeastern Baltica

KIIPLI, T., SOESOO, A. & KALLASTE, T. Geochemical evolution of Caledonian volcanism recorded in the sedimentary rocks of the eastern Baltic region


Architecture of the allochthons of Baltic affinity

ROFFEIS, C. & CORFU, F. Caledonian nappes of southern Norway and their correlation with Sveconorwegian basement domains     

CORFU, F. & HEIM, M. Geology and U–Pb geochronology of the Espedalen Complex, southern Norway, and its position in the Caledonian nappe systems

ROBINSON, P., ROBERTS, D., GEE, D. G. & SOLLI, A. A major synmetamorphic Early Devonian thrust and extensional fault system in the Mid Norway Caledonides: relevance to exhumation of HP and UHP rocks

RICE, A. H. N. Restoration of the External Caledonides, Finnmark, North Norway


Development of the Seve nappe complex and its position within the orogen

HEDIN, P., MALEHMIR, A., GEE, D. G., JUHLIN, C. & DYRELIUS, D. 3D interpretation by integrating seismic and potential field data in the vicinity of the proposed COSC-1 drill site, central Swedish Caledonides

KLONOWSKA, I., MAJKA, J., JANÁK, M., GEE, D. G. & LADENBERGER, A. Pressure–temperature evolution of a kyanite–garnet pelitic gneiss from Åreskutan: evidence of ultra-high-pressure metamorphism of the Seve Nappe Complex, west-central Jämtland, Swedish Caledonides

LADENBERGER, A., BE’ERI-SHLEVIN, Y., CLAESSON, S., GEE, D. G., MAJKA, J. & ROMANOVA, I. V. Tectonometamorphic evolution of the Åreskutan Nappe – Caledonian history revealed by SIMS U–Pb zircon geochronology

MAJKA, J., JANÁK, M., ANDERSSON, B., KLONOWSKA, I., GEE, D. G., ROSÉN, Å. & KOŚMIŃSKA, K. Pressure–temperature estimates on the Tjeliken eclogite: new insights into the (ultra)-high-pressure evolution of the Seve Nappe Complex in the Scandinavian Caledonides


New results on other Caledonian high-pressure rocks

ELVEVOLD, S., RAVNA, E. J. K., NASIPURI, P. & LABROUSSE, L. Calculated phase equilibria for phengite-bearing eclogites from NW Spitsbergen, Svalbard Caledonides

BECKMAN, V., MÖLLER, C., SÖDERLUND, U., CORFU, F., PALLON, J. & CHAMBERLAIN, K. R. Metamorphic zircon formation at the transition from gabbro to eclogite in Trollheimen–Surnadalen, Norwegian Caledonides

CORFU, F., AUSTRHEIM, H. & GANZHORN, A.-C. Localized granulite and eclogite facies metamorphism at Flatraket and Kråkeneset, Western Gneiss Region: U–Pb data and tectonic implications

FOURNIER, H. W., LEE, J. K. W., CAMACHO, A. & CREASER, R. A. Retrogression of eclogite-facies shear zones by short-lived fluid infiltration during the Caledonian orogeny, Lofoten islands, Norway


Evolution of terranes from the Iapetus realm

TANNER, P. W. G. A kinematic model for the Grampian Orogeny, Scotland

LUNDMARK, A. M., SÆTHER, T. & SØRLIE, R. Ordovician to Silurian magmatism on the Utsira High, North Sea: implications for correlations between the onshore and offshore Caledonides

ROFFEIS, C. & CORFU, F. Evolution and origin of the Revsegg Nappe in the SW-Norwegian Caledonides: an allochthon with Ordovician elements

SLAGSTAD, T., PIN, C., ROBERTS, D., KIRKLAND, C. L., GRENNE, T., DUNNING, G., SAUER, S. & ANDERSEN, T. Tectonomagmatic evolution of the Early Ordovician suprasubduction-zone ophiolites of the Trondheim Region, Mid-Norwegian Caledonides

ENGVIK, A. K., GRENNE, T., LUTRO, O. J. & MEYER, G. B. Metamorphic constraints on the Caledonian Upper Allochthon of Central Norway: the Gula Complex staurolite–garnet–kyanite mica schist

McARTHUR, K. L., FROST, C. D., BARNES, C. G., PRESTVIK, T. & NORDGULEN, Ø. Tectonic reconstruction and sediment provenance of a far-travelled oceanic nappe, Helgeland Nappe Complex, west-central Norway

MARKO, W. T., BARNES, C. G., YOSHINOBU, A. S., FROST, C. D. & NORDGULEN, Ø. Geology, geochemistry and emplacement conditions of the Vega intrusive complex: an example of large-scale crustal anatexis in north-central Norway

AUGLAND, L. E., ANDRESEN, A., CORFU, F., AGYEI-DWARKO, N. Y. & LARIONOV, A. N. The Bratten–Landegode gneiss complex: a fragment of Laurentian continental crust in the Uppermost Allochthon of the Scandinavian Caledonides

AUGLAND, L. E., ANDRESEN, A., GASSER, D. & STELTENPOHL, M. G. Early Ordovician to Silurian evolution of exotic terranes in the Scandinavian Caledonides of the Ofoten–Troms area –  terrane characterization and correlation based on new U–Pb zircon ages and Lu–Hf isotopic data


Exhumation, extension and Mesozoic reactivation

KSIENZYK, A. K., DUNKL, I., JACOBS, J., FOSSEN, H. & KOHLMANN, F. From orogen to passive margin: constraints from fission track and (U–Th)/He analyses on Mesozoic uplift and fault reactivation in SW Norway



Review by Mark Griffin

Geoscientist vol 1 Feb 2015

The volume provides an excellent synthesis of the current research efforts within the Caledonides, successfully combining both contributions from field studies and modern analytical techniques. All sections are well written and edited, concisely laid out with clear and appropriate figures, photographs and datatables. The inclusion of numerous colour figures and photographs is a welcome addition and should be applauded. The volume is a recommended read for all Caledonide researchers and should prove to be an essential reference source for many years to come.

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