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Environmental and Criminal Geoforensics

Product Code: SP384
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by D. Pirrie, A. Ruffell and L.A. Dawson
Publication Date: 04 December 2013
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Description

Special Publication SP384

Geological techniques are widely used in two aspects of serious criminal investigations: (1) the search for clandestine burial sites, based on near-surface geophysics or through the detection of decomposition signals and (2) the analysis of trace evidence to identify its source location or test the possible association between the trace evidence and a known location of an offence. Although geoforensics is used in such investigations world-wide there are still considerable gaps in the published literature. In addition, there is increasing concern regarding the illegal release of wastes either into the atmosphere, water courses or on to the land surface, and a growing realization that the techniques used in criminal forensics are equally useful in the investigation of environmental crime. This book bridges the gap between environmental and criminal geoforensics with conceptual, methodological and case study contributions. This demonstrates the significant potential that geoforensics holds for investigating and regulatory officers.

Published online 07/11/2013. Print copy available from 04/12/2013.

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Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN:
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-366-0
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 273
Weight: 0.9 kg

Contents

Pirrie, D., Ruffell, A. & Dawson, L. A. Environmental and criminal geoforensics: an introduction

Bowen, A. M. & Caven, E. A. Forensic provenance investigations of soil and sediment samples

Bergslien, E. T. X-ray diffraction and field portable X-ray fluorescence analysis and screening of soils: project design

Pirrie, D., Rollinson, G. K., Power, M. R. & Webb, J. Automated forensic soil mineral analysis; testing the potential of lithotyping

Guedes, A., Murray, R. C., Ribeiro, H., Sant’ovaia, H., Valentim, B., Rodrigues, A., Leal, S. & Noronha, F. The potential application of magnetic susceptibility as a technique for soil forensic examinations  

Di Maggio, R. M. & Nuccetelli, L. Analysis of geological trace evidence in a case of criminal damage to graves

Isphording, W. C. Using soil mineral signatures to confirm sources of industrial contaminant trespass 

Carvalho, Á., Ribeiro, H., Guedes, A., Abreu, I. & Noronha, F. Geological and palynological characterization of a river beach in Portugal for forensic purposes

Guedes, A., Murray, R. C., Ribeiro, H., Rodrigues, A., Valentim, B., Sant’ovaia, H. & Noronha, F. Integration of different sediment characteristics to discriminate between sources of coastal sediments

McKinley, J. How useful are databases in environmental and criminal forensics? 

Eby, G. N. Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and forensic applications

Purvis, O. W., Williamson, B. J., Spiro, B., Udachin, V., Mikhailova, I. N. & Dolgopolova, A. Lichen monitoring as a potential tool in environmental forensics: case study of the Cu smelter and former mining town of Karabash, Russia

Ruffell, A., Pirrie, D. & Power, M. R. Issues and opportunities in urban forensic geology

Ruffell, A. Solid and drift geology in forensic investigations

Donnelly, L. & Harrison, M. Geomorphological and geoforensic interpretation of maps, aerial imagery, conditions of diggability and the colour-coded RAG prioritization system in searches for criminal burials

Donnelly, L. The design and implementation of a high-assurance forensic geology and police search following the discovery of the Staffordshire (Anglo Saxon) Gold Hoard

Larizza, M. & Forbes, S. L. Detection of fatty acids in the lateral extent of the cadaver decomposition island

Lowe, A. C., Beresford, D. V., Carter, D. O., Gaspari, F., O’Brien, R. C. & Forbes, S. L. Ground penetrating radar use in three contrasting soil textures in southern Ontario

Hansen, J. D. & Pringle, J. K. Comparison of magnetic, electrical and ground penetrating radar surveys to detect buried forensic objects in semi-urban and domestic patio environments

Richardson, T. & Cheetham, P. N. The effectiveness of geophysical techniques in detecting a range of buried metallic weapons at various depths and orientations     

Index        


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