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Geology of the Earthquake Source: A Volume in Honour of Rick Sibson

Product Code: SP359
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by A Fagereng, V Toy and J V Rowland
Publication Date: 22 December 2011
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Description

Special Publication 359

Professor Richard (Rick) Sibson revolutionized structural geology by illustrating that fault rocks contain an integrated record of earthquakes. Fault-rock textures develop in response to geological and physical variables such as composition, environmental conditions (e.g. temperature and pressure), fluid presence and strain rate. These parameters also determine the rate- and state-variable frictional stability of a fault, the dominant mineral deformation mechanism and shear strength, and ultimately control the partitioning between seismic and aseismic deformation.

This volume contains a collection of papers that address the geological record of earthquake faulting from field-based or theoretical perspectives. The papers cover observations in active fault zones, the relationships between fault rocks and fault-slip styles, interpretation of fault-rock textures from the base of the seismogenic zone, consideration of the effects of fluids on faulting, discussion of fault reactivation v. initiation, and a review of future directions in geological earthquake research by Professor Sibson.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-337-0
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-337-0
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 341
Weight: 0.97 kg

Contents

Preface
Introduction
FAGERENG,Å.& TOY, V. G. Geology of the earthquake source: an introduction Observations in active fault zones
BOULLIER, A.-M. Fault-zone geology: lessons from drilling through the Nojima and Chelungpu faults
ELLSWORTH,W.L.& MALIN, P. E. Deep rock damage in the San Andreas Fault revealed by P-and S-type fault-zone-guided waves
Fault rocks and fault-slip styles
FAGERENG,Å. Geology of the seismogenic subduction thrust interface
ROWE, C. D., MENEGHINI,F.& MOORE, J. C. Textural record of the seismic cycle: strain-rate variation in an ancient subduction thrust
SMITH, S. A. F., HOLDSWORTH, R. E., COLLETTINI,C.& PEARCE, M. A. The microstructural character and mechanical significance of fault rocks associated with a continental low-angle normal fault: the Zuccale Fault, Elba Island, Italy
The base of the seismogenic zone
TOY, V. G., RITCHIE,S.& SIBSON, R. H. Diverse habitats of pseudotachylytes in the Alpine Fault Zone and relationships to current seismicity
ALLEN,J.L.& SHAW, C. A. Seismogenic structure of a crystalline thrust fault: fabric anisotropy and coeval pseudotachylyte–mylonitic pseudotachylyte in the Grizzly Creek Shear Zone, Colorado
ALTENBERGER, U., PROSSER, G., RUGGIERO,M.& GÜNTER, C. Microstructure and petrology of a Calabrian garnet-bearing pseudotachylyte – a link to lower-crustal seismicity
MOECHER,D.P.& STELTENPOHL, M. G. Petrological evidence for co-seismic slip in extending middle– lower continental crust: Heier’s zone of pseudotachylyte, north Norway
NÜCHTER, J.-A. & ELLIS, S. Mid-crustal controls on episodic stress-field rotation around major reverse, normal and strike-slip faults
Effects of fluids on faulting
BARKER,S.L.L.& COX, S. F. Evolution of fluid chemistry and fluid-flow pathways during folding and faulting: an example from Taemas, NSW, Australia
UJIIE, K., TSUTSUMI,A.& KAMEDA, J. Reproduction of thermal pressurization and fluidization of clay-rich fault gouges by high-velocity friction experiments and implications for seismic slip in natural faults
Fault reactivation v. initiation
NORTJE, G. S., OLIVER, N. H. S., BLENKINSOP, T. G., KEYS, D. L., MCLELLAN,J.G.& OXENBURGH,S. New faults v. fault reactivation: implications for fault cohesion, fluid flow and copper mineralization, Mount Gordon Fault Zone, Mount Isa District, Australia
SCHOLZ, C. H. First-order splay faults: dip-slip examples
Future directions
SIBSON, R. H. The scope of earthquake geology
Index

Reviews

Review by Subagyo Pramumijoyo

Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

This book consists of seven chapters including Introduction and Future Direction. These chapters were arranged finely and consecutively started from Introduction, Observation in Active Fault Zone, Fault Rocks and Fault-Slip Styles, The Base of the Seismogenic Zones, Effects of Fluids on Faulting, Fault Reactivation V. Initiation, and finally closed by Future Direction.

This book, therefore is a must-read to whom interested in Earthquake Geology.

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