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Mechanisms of Activity and Unrest at Large Calderas

Product Code: SP269
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by C Troise, G De Natale and C R J Kilburn
Publication Date: 30 October 2006
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Description

Geological Society Special Publication 269

Large caldera collapses represent catastrophic natural events, second only to large meteoritic impacts. In addition, some calderas are densely populated, making the risk extreme, even for moderate eruptions. Understanding caldera mechanisms, unrest and the danger of eruption is therefore a crucial challenge for Earth sciences. Several key features of caldera behaviour have yet to be fully understood. Through a combination of case studies and theoretical modelling, the following topics are addressed in this volume: the conditions required to produce and to release large volumes of magma erupted during caldera formation; how magmatic feeding systems evolve before and after a caldera has formed; the processes that limit the behaviour of precursors to eruptions; how pre-eruptive precursors can be distinguished from those that drive unrest without an eruption; and given that post-collapse eruptions may occur across a wide area, the optimum procedures for designing hazard maps and mitigation strategies.

 

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-211-0
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-211-3
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 208
Weight: 0.90 kg

Contents

• Unrest in Long Valley Caldera, California, 1978–2004, D P Hill • The Campi Flegrei Caldera: unrest mechanisms and hazards, G De Natale, C Troise, F Pingue, G Mastrolorenzo, L Pappalardo, M Battaglia and E Boschi • Large ignimbrite eruptions and volcano-tectonic depressions in the Central Andes: a thermomechanical perspective, S de Silva, G Zandt, R Trumbull, J G Viramonte, G Salas and N Jímenez • How the development of magma chambers affects collapse calderas: insights from an overview, K Aizawa, V Acocella and T Yoshida • Ring faults in composite volcanoes: structures, models, and stress fields associated with their formation, A Gudmundsson and K Nilsen • Faults and ground uplift at active calderas, A Folch and J Gottsmann • Lateral collapse and tsunamigenic potential of marine volcanoes, W J McGuire • Ground deformation at Campi Flegrei, Italy: implications for hazard assessment, F Bellucci, J Woo, C R J Kilburn and G Rolandi • Volcanic hazard assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera, G Mastrolorenzo, L Pappalardo, C Troise, S Rossano, A Panizza, and G De Natale • The search for magma reservoirs in Long Valley Caldera: single versus distributed sources, M Battaglia and D W Vasco • On the mechanics of caldera resurgence of  Ischia Island (southern Italy), S Carlino, E Cubellis, G Luongo and F Obrizzo

Reviews

Review by: loan Scghedi, Institute of Geodynamics, Romanian Academy

Review was featured in Bull Volcanol (2011)

The book is a captivating read for volcanologists, other natural science specialists and the large audience who want to learn more about calderas. It will help also students by undoubtedly improving their perception of the concept of caldera type volcanic activities and associated hazards. In summary, I highly recommend this book to anyone who wants to learn, using outstanding and well-selected examples from the geological records, how to envision the ways in which such potentially catastrophic caldera eruptions will occur in the future.

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List price: £ 75.00
Fellow's price: £ 37.50
Other societies price: £ 45.00
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