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Early-Middle Pleistocene Transitions: The Land-Ocean Evidence

Product Code: SP247
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by M. J. Head and P. L. Gibbard
Publication Date: 12 January 2006
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Description

The Early-Middle Pleistocene transition (around 1.2 to 0.5 Ma) marks a profound shift in Earth's climate state. Low-amplitude 41 ka climate cycles, dominating the earlier part of the Pleistocene, gave way progressively to a 100 ka rhythm of increased amplitude that characterizes our present glacial-interglacial world. This volume assesses the biotic and physical response to this transition both on land and in the oceans: indeed it examines the very nature of Quaternary climate change. Milankovitch theory, palaeoceanography using isotopes and microfossils, marine organic geochemistry, tephrochronology, the record of loess and soil deposition, terrestrial vegetational change, and the migration and evolution of hominins as well as other large and small mammals, are all considered. These themes combine to explore the very origins of our present biota.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-181-5
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-181-9
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 336
Weight: 1.20 kg

Contents

The Early-Middle Pleistocene transition: an overview and recommendation for the defining boundary, M J Head and P L Gibbard • Mid-Pleistocene revolution and the 'eccentricity myth', M A Maslin and A J Ridgwell • Tropical environmental changes at the mid-Pleistocene transition: insights from lipid biomarkers, E Schefuss, J H F Jansen and J S Sinninghe Damsté • Response of tropical African and East Atlantic climates to orbital forcing over the last 1.7 Ma, B Jahn, R R Schneider, P-J Müller, B Donner and U Röhl • Deep-sea benthic foraminiferal record of the mid-Pleistocene transition in the SW Pacific, B W Hayward, H R Grenfell, A T Sabaa and E Sikes • Distribution of the calcareous nannofossil Reticulofenestra asanoi within the Early-Middle Pleistocene transition in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean: correlating with magneto- and oxygen isotope stratigraphy, V Reale and S Monechi • Early-Middle Pleistocene deep circulation in the western subtropical Atlantic: southern hemisphere modulation of the North Atlantic Ocean, P Ferretti, N J Shackleton, D Rio and M A Hall • Pollen records and climatic cycles in the North Mediterranean region since 2.7 Ma, J-P Suc and S-M Popescu • Climatic patterns revealed by pollen and oxygen isotope records across the Matuyama-Brunhes Boundary in the Central Mediterranean (southern Italy), L Capraro, A Asioli, J Backman, R Bertoldi, J E T Channell, F Massari and D Rio • A late Early Pleistocene tephrochronological and pollen record from Auckland, New Zealand, M L Byrami, R M Newnham, B V Alloway, B Pillans, J Ogden, J Westgate and D C Mildenhall • The stratigraphic transition and suggested boundary between the Early and Middle Pleistocene in the loess record of northern Eurasia, A E Dodonov • Response of the European mammalian fauna to the Mid-Pleistocene transition, T Van Kolfschoten and A K Markova • Large mammal turnover in Africa and the Levant 1.0 and 0.5 Ma, H J O'Regan, L C Bishop, A Lamb, S Elton and A Turner • Early-Middle Pleistocene structural changes in mammalian communities from the Italian peninsula, M R Palombo, P Raia and C Giovinazzo • Highlighting the Early-Middle Pleistocene transition in Italian and French large mammal faunas: similarities and faunal renewals, M R Palombo and A M F Valli • Environmental change across the Early-Middle Pleistocene transition: small mammalian evidence from the Trinchera Dolina cave, Atapuerca, Spain, G Cuenca-Bescós, J Rofes and J Garcia-Pimienta • Hominins and the Early-Middle Pleistocene transition: evolution, culture and climate in Africa and Europe, J McNabb • Hominin responses to Pleistocene environmental change in Arabia and South Asia, M D Petraglia 

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