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Forensic Geoscience

Product Code: SP232
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by K Pye and D Croft
Publication Date: 18 October 2004
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Description

Special Publication 232 (limited stocks)

Forensic geoscience is an increasingly important sub-discipline within geoscience and forensic science. Although minerals, soils, dusts and rock fragments have been used as forensic trace evidence for many years, their true potential has only begun to be recognized in the last ten years or so. The police and other investigative bodies are keen to encourage such developments in the fight against crime, particularly since many criminals show a high level of forensic awareness with regard to evidence such as fingerprints, blood and other body fluids. The papers in this volume illustrate some of the main principles, techniques and applications in current forensic geoscience, covering research and casework in the UK and internationally. The techniques described range from macro-scale field geophysical investigations to micro-scale laboratory studies of the chemical and textural properties of individual particles. In addition to forensic applications, many of these techniques have broad utility in geological, geomorphological, soil science and archaeological research.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-161-0
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-161-1
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 328
Weight: 0.92 kg

Contents

Forensic Geoscience: introduction and overview, K Pye and D J Croft • Forensic Geology: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, R C Murray • Geophysical Techniques for Forensic Investigation, P J Fenning and L J Donnelly • Geophysics and Burials: Field Experience and Software Development, M Watters and J R Hunter • Environmental influences on resistivity mapping for the location of cladestine graves, J Scott and J R Hunter • The Importance of Stratigraphy in Forensic Investigation, I D Hanson • Colour theory and the evaluation of an instrumental method of measurement using geological samples for forensic applications, D J Croft and K Pye • Particle size analysis by laser diffraction, S J Blott, D J Croft, K Pye, S E Saye and H E Wilson • Development of a coastal dune sediment database for England and Wales: forensic applications, S E Saye and K Pye • ‘Unique’ particles in soil evidence, R Sugita and Y Karumo • Forensic examination of rocks, sediments, soils and dusts using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray chemical microanalysis, K Pye • Rapid quantitative mineral and phase analysis using automated scanning electron microscopy (QemSCAN); potential applications in forensic geoscience, D Pirrie, A R Butcher, M R Power, P Gottlieb and G L Miller • Mineralogy and microanalysis in the determination of cause of impact damage to spacecraft surfaces, G A Graham, A T Kearsley, G Drolshagen, J A M McDonnell, I P Wright and M M Grady • The archaeologist as a detective: scientific techniques and the investigation of past societies, J Henderson • Forensic applications of Raman spectroscopy to the non-destructive analysis of biomaterials and their degradation, H G M Edwards • Assessing element variability in small soil samples taken during forensic investiagation, K E Jarvis, H E Wilson and S L James • Comparison of soils and sediments using major and trace element data, K Pye and S J Blott • Investigating multi-element soil geochemical signatures and their potential for use in forensic studies, B G Rawlins and M Cave • Bayesian sediment fingerprinting provides a robust tool for environmental forensic geoscience applications, I F Small, J S Rowan, S W Franks, A Wyatt and R W Duck • Isotope and trace element analysis of human teeth and bones for forensic purposes, K Pye • Defining ‘local signature’ in terms of Sr isotope composition using a 10th-12th century Anglo-Saxon population living on a Jurassic clay-carbonate terrain, Rutland, England, JA Evans and S Tatham • Forensic geology of bone mineral: Geochemical tracers for post-mortern movement of bone remains, C N Trueman • Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope variations in soils: forensic applications, D J Croft and K Pye • The use of plant hydrocarbon signatures in characterizing soil organic matter, L A Dawson, W Towers, R W Mayes, J Craig, R K Vaisanen and E C Waterhouse & bull; The use of diatom analysis in forensic geoscience, N G Cameron • The right way and the wrong way of presenting statistical and geological evidence in a court of law (a little knowledge is a dangerous thing!!), W C Isphording • Using geological information to identify apparent ‘misrepresentation’ of facts in a litigious situation, W C Isphording • Soil as significant evidence in a sexual assault/attempted homicide case, M Stam • The nature of and approaches to, teaching forensic geoscience and earth science courses, C W Lee •

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