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The Initiation, Propagation, and Arrest of Joints and Other Fractures

Product Code: SP231
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by J. W. Cosgrove and T. Engelder
Publication Date: 11 November 2004
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Description

Geological Society Special Publication 231

This volume is a state of the art look at our understanding of joint development in the crust. Answers are provided for such questions as the mechanisms by which joints are initiated, the factors controlling the path they follow during the propagation process, and the processes responsible for the arrest of joints. Many of the answers to these questions can be inferred from the geometry of joint surface morphology and joint patterns. Joints are a record of the orientation of stress at the time of propagation and as such they are also useful records of ancient stress fields, regional and local. Because outcrop and subsurface views of joints are limited, statistical techniques are required to characterize joints and joint sets. Finally, joints are subject to post-propagation stresses that further localize deformation and are the focus for the development of new structures.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-165-3
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-165-9
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 336
Weight: 0.94 kg

Contents

Opening histories of fractures in sandstone, S E Laubach, R H Lander, L M Bonnell, J E Olson and R M Reed • Growth of ductile opening-mode fractures in geomaterials, P Eichhubl • Age and depth evidence for pre-exhumation joints in granite plutons: fracturing during the early cooling stage of felsic rock, P Bankwitz, E Bankwitz, R Thomas, K Wemmer and H Kämpf • The feedback between joint-zone development and downward erosion of regularly spaced canyons in the Navajo sandstone, Zion National Park, Utah, C M Rogers and T Engelder • Predicting fracture swarms - the influence of subcritical crack growth and the crack-tip process zone on joint spacing in rock, J E Olson • Fracture-pattern variations around a major fold and their implications regarding fracture prediction using limited data: an example from the Bristol Channel basin, M Belayneh and J W Cosgrove • The index of hackle raggedness on joint fringes, D Bahat, P Bankwitz and E Bankwitz • Arrest and aperture variation of hydrofractures in layered reservoirs, S L Brenner and A Gudmundsson • Preferential jointing of Upper Devonian black shale, Appalachian Plateau, USA: evidence supporting hydrocarbon generation as a joint-driving mechanism, G Lash, S Loewy and T Engelder • Using differential geometry to characterize and analyse the morphology of joints, D D Pollard, S Bergbauer and I Mynatt • The relationship of tilt and twist of fringe cracks in granite plutons, P Bankwitz and E Bankwitz • Differences between veins and joints using the example of the Jurassic limestones of Somerset, D C P Peacock • Fracture development within a stratovolcano: the Karaha-Telaga Bodas geothermal field, Java volcanic arc, M Nemèok, J N Moore, R Allis and J McCulloch • Palaeostress orientation inferred from surface morphology of joints on the southern margin of the Bristol Channel Basin, UK, M Belayneh • Eight distinct fault-joint geometric/genetic relationships in the Beer Sheva syncline, Israel, D Bahat • Probabilistic-mechanistic simulation of bed-normal joint patterns, W Hoffmann, W M Dunne and M Mauldon • The orientation distribution of single joint sets, T Engelder and J Delteil • Stress-controlled localization of deformation and fluid flow in fractured rocks, D J Sanderson and X Zhang • Indentation pits: a product of incipient slip on joints with a mesotopography, T Engelder, K Schulmann and O Lexa • 

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