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Earth, Water, Ice and Fire: 200 Years of Geological Research in the English Lake District

Product Code: M0025
Series: GSL Memoirs - print copy
Author/Editor: By D R Oldroyd
Publication Date: 06 May 2003
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Memoir 25

A detailed study of geological research in the Lake District from the end of the 18th century to the end of 2000. This volume shows, by historical exposition, how the modern understanding of the stratigraphy and the geological history and structure of a specific region has been achieved. It recounts the work of individual scientists and institutions (especially the British Geological Survey); differences and developments of interpretation; the emergence of new techniques; the development of mapping and the events lying behind the publication of Lakeland maps; the roles of research students, university staff, surveyors, amateurs, government and industry. A special feature is the discussion of the relationship between the study of Lakeland geology and the problem of nuclear waste disposal.

The book should be of interest to geologists and other scientists, to historians of science, and anyone interested in Lakeland science, history and topography.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-107-6
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-107-9
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 320
Weight: 1.6 kg


In the beginning • Adam in Lakeland • Robert Harkness, Henry Alleyne Nicholson and Charles Lapworth • The first surveys • John Marr and Alfred Harker • Edward Walker, Robert Rastall, Fredrick Green, John Hartley, George Mitchell and their work on Lakeland volcanics and structure • Granites, garnets, the 'streaky' rocks and Mitchell's later work • The Skiddaw graptolites • The Skiddaw Slates and the Borrowdale Volcanics • From micro to macro: plate tectonics in the Lake District - a tangle of theories • Gravity, geomagnetism and granites • Some more PhDs, and the extension of Lakeland surveying in the 1970s • The stratigraphy of 'Otley III' • The great collaboration • Collaborating on the Skiddaw Group • Collaborating on the Borrowdale Volcanics and the granites • Collaborating on the Windermeres • Tertiary uplift • The glaciation of the Lake District • Nirex and the great denouement • Some concluding thoughts • References • Index


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