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New Frontiers in Paleopedology and Terrestrial Paleoclimatology: Paleosols and soil surface analog systems

Product Code: ES4104
Series: SEPM Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by Steven G. Driese and Lee C. Nordt, with assistance by Paul J. McCarthy
Publication Date: 01 July 2013
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SEPM Special Publication 104

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After initial breakthroughs in the discovery of fossil soils, or paleosols in the 1970s and early 1980s, the last several decades of intensified research have revealed the much greater role that these deposits can play in reconstructing ancient Earth surface systems. Research currently focuses on terrestrial paleoclimatology, in which climates of the past are reconstructed at temporal scales ranging from hundreds to millions of years, using paleosols as archives of that information. Such research requires interdisciplinary study of soils conducted in both modern and ancient environments. These issues and many others were discussed at the joint SEPM-NSF Workshop "Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems", held at Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona in September of 2010. The papers presented in this volume are largely an extension of that workshop and cover topics ranging from historical perspectives, followed by lessons from studies of surface soil systems, with examples crossing between soils and applications to paleosols. The remainder of the volume begins with an examination of the relationship between paleosols and alluvial stratigraphy and depositional systems, and ends with three case studies of ancient soil systems. Because some readers may find the nomenclature rather "foreign" the editors have included a glossary of pedological terms at the end of this volume. These papers incorporate data from studies of surface soil systems as well as deep-time sedimentary rock successions and are designed to provide sedimentary geologists with an overview of our current knowledge of paleosols and their use in interpreting past climates, landscapes, and atmospheric chemistry.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN:
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-56576-322-7
Publisher: SEPM
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 275
Weight: 1.25 kg


Introduction: New Frontiers in Paleopedology and Terrestrial Paleoclimatology: Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems

Historical Perspective

A Short History and Long Future for Paleopedology

Lessons from Surface Soil Systems

Carbon Stable Isotope Composition of Modern Calcareous Soil Profiles in California: Implications for CO2 Reconstructions from Calcareous Paleosols

CO2 Concentrations in Vertisols: Seasonal Variability and Shrink-Swell

Groundwater-Fed Wetland Sediments and Paleosols: It’s All about Water Table

Soil and Landscape Memory of Climate Change—How Sensitive, How Connected?

From Soils to Paleosols

Using Paleosols to Understand Paleo-Carbon Burial

Paleoclimatic Applications and Modern Process Studies of Pedogenic Siderite

Multi-analytical Pedosystem Approach to Characterizing and Interpreting the Fossil Record of Soils

Relationship to Alluvial Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems

Alluvial Stacking Pattern Analysis and Sequence Stratigraphy: Concepts and Case Studies

Prograding Distributive Fluvial Systems—Geomorphic Models and Ancient Examples

Soil Development on Modern Distributive Fluvial Systems: Preliminary Observations with Implications for Interpretation of Paleosols in the Rock Record

Case Studies of Ancient Soil Systems

A Pedostratigraphic Approach to Nonmarine Sequence Stratigraphy: A Three-Dimensional Paleosol-Landscape Model from the Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Dunvegan Formation, Alberta and British Columbia, Canada

Anatomy, Evolution, and Paleoenvironmental Interpretation of an Ancient Arctic Coastal Plain: Integrated Paleopedology and Palynology from the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Prince Creek Formation, North Slope, Alaska, USA

Integrated Paleopedology and Palynology from Alluvial Paleosols of the Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Dunvegan Formation, Alberta and British Columbia, Canada: Paleoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Implications

Early Cambrian Humid, Tropical, Coastal Paleosols from Montana, USA


Glossary of Paleopedological Terms Used in Assembled Papers


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