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Out of print

Sand Injectites: Implications for Hydrocarbon Exploration

Product Code: 783
Series: AAPG Memoirs
Author/Editor: Edited by Andrew Hurst and Joseph Cartwright
Publication Date: 31 July 2007
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Description

AAPG Memoir 87

Sand injectites are described in scientific literature as an increasingly common occurrence in hydrocarbon reservoirs, in particular in deep-water clastic systems, where they are known to influence reserves distribution and recovery. Seismically-detectable injected sand bodies constitute targets for exploration and development wells and, subseismic sand bodies provide excellent intra-reservoir flow units that create field-wide vertical communication through depositionally extensive, low-permeability units. As sand injectites form permeable conduits in otherwise low-permeability units they facilitate the expulsion of basinal fluids; hence they act both as a seal risk and mitigate timing and rate of hydrocarbon migration. Injected sand bodies form intrusive traps, which are distinct from structural or stratigraphic traps.

Included in this publication are 10 chapters on subsurface examination of sand injectites, 1 chapter on theoretical considerations, and 13 outcrop analogs in reservoirs across the world.

This publication is a continuation of AAPG's efforts to combine the best of both digital and print publications. Authors were given the opportunity of unlimited scope on number of figures as well as use of color through printing the text of their papers only and providing all figures on CD-ROM in the back of this publication.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 0891813683
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-0-89181-368-2
Publisher: AAPG
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 288
Weight: 1.40 kg

Contents

Introduction • Relevance of Sand Injectites to Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, Andrew Hurst and Joseph Cartwright • Subsurface • Seismic Characterization of Large-scale Sandstone Intrusions, Mads Huuse, Joe Cartwright, Andrew Hurst, and Noralf Steinsland • The Geometry, Distribution, and Development of Clastic Injections in Slope Systems: Seismic Examples from the Upper Cretaceous Kyrre Formation, Måløyslope, Norwegian Margin, Christopher A.-L.Jackson • Clastic Intrusion at the Base of Deep-water Sands: A Trap-forming Mechanism in the Eastern Mediterranean, Jose Frey-Martínez, Joe Cartwright, Ben Hall, and Mads Huuse • Successful Exploration of a Sand Injectite Complex: Hamsun Prospect, Norway Block 24/9, Wytze de Boer,Peter B. Rawlinson, and Andrew Hurst • Mounded Structures of Injected Sandstones in Deep-marine Paleocene Reservoirs, Cecilie Field, Denmark, L.Hamberg, A.-M.Jepsen, N. Ter Borch, G. Dam, M.K. Engkilde, and J.B. Svendsen • Sandstone Injections at Jotun Oilfield, Norwegian North Sea—Modeling their Possible Effect on Hydrocarbon Recovery, Claudia G. Guargena, Guy B. Smith, Jonathan Wardell, Tor H. Nilsen, and Tor M. Hegre • Recognition Criteria, Significance to Field Performance, and Reservoir Modeling of Sand Injections in the Balder Field, North Sea, Nowell A. Briedis, Dag Bergslien, Andor Hjellbakk, Rob E. Hill, and Gordon J. Moir • The Three-dimensional Geometry of Sandstone Injection Complexes in the Gryphon Field, United Kingdom North Sea, Lidia Lonergan, Claudio Borlandelli, Ashley Taylor, Mark Quine, and Kevin Flanagan • Sand-injection Structures in Deep-water Sandstones from the Ty Formation (Paleocene), Sleipner Øst Field, Norwegian North Sea, Nicholas Satur and Andrew Hurst • A New Approach to 3-D Geological Modeling of Complex Sand Injectite Reservoirs: Thealbafield, United Kingdom Central North Sea, P.N. Fretwell, W. Gordon Canning, J. Hegre, R. Labourdette, and M. Sweatman • Theoretical Considerations • Large-scale Sand Injection in the Paleogene of the North Sea: Modeling of Energy and Flow Velocities, Davide Duranti • Outcrop Analogs • The Upper Jurassic Hareelv Formation of East Greenland: A Giant Sedimentary Injection Complex, Finn Surlyk, John Gjelberg, and Nanna Noe-Nygaard • A Reservoir-scale Miocene Injectite Near Santa Cruz, California, Brian J. Thompson, Robert E. Garrison, and J. Casey Moore • The Vocontian Aptian and Albian Syndepositional Clastic Sills and Dikes: A Field-based Mechanical Approach to Predict and Model the Early Fracturing of Marly-limy Sediments, Olivier Parize, Bernard Beaudoin, Sylvain Eckert, Faouzi Hadj-Hassen, Michel Tijani, Chantal de Fouquet, Rosalie Vandromme, Gérard Friès, Frédéric Schneider, Kun Su, and Alain Trouiller • A Methodological Approach to Clastic Injectites: From Field Analysis to Seismic Modeling—Examples of the Vocontian Aptian and Albian Injectites (Southeast France), Olivier Parize, Bernard Beaudoin, Jean-Michel Champanhet, Gérard Friès, Patrice Imbert, Richard Labourdette, Benoît Paternoster, Jean-Loup Rubino, and Frédéric Schneider • A Nearly Paleocene Cold Seep System in the Panoche and Tumey Hills, Central California (United States), Daniel Minisini and Hilde Schwartz • An Outcrop Example of Large-scale Conglomeratic Intrusions Sourced from Deep-water Channel Deposits, Cerro Toro Formation, Magallanes Basin, Southern Chile, Stephen M. Hubbard, Brian W. Romans, and Stephan A. Graham • An Outcrop Study of Clastic Injection Structures in the Carboniferous Tesnus Formation, Marathon Basin, Trans-Pecos Texas, Timothy N. Diggs • Variations In Sediment Extrusion in Basin-floor, Slope, and Delta-front Settings: Sand Volcanoes and Extruded Sand Sheets from the Namurian of County Clare, Ireland, R. Jonk, B.T. Cronin, and A. Hurst • Sand Volcanoes of the Carboniferous Ross Formation, County Clare, Western Ireland: 3-D Internal Sedimentary Structure and Formation, J.K. Pringle, A.R. Westerman, D.A. Stanbrook, D.I. Tatum, and A.R. Gardiner • Clastic-injection Pipes and Syndepositional Deformation Structures in Jurassic Eolian Deposits: Examples from the Colorado Plateau, Marjorie Chan, Dennis Netoff, Ronald Blakey, Gary Kocurek, and Walter Alvarez • Fluidization and Associated Soft-sediment Deformation in Eolian Sandstones: Hopeman Sandstone (Permian), Scotland, and Rotliegend, North Sea, Ken Glennie and Andrew Hurst • Injected Sand Sills in a Strike-slip Fault Zone: A Case Study from the Pil’sk Suite (Miocene), Southeast Schmidt Peninsula, Sakhalin, David Macdonald and Rachel Flecker • Aqueous and Petroleum Fluids associated with Sand Injectites hosted by Lacustrine Shales from the Oil-Shale Group (Dinantian), Midland Valley, Scotland, R. Jonk, D. Duranti, A. Hurst, J. Parnell, and A. E. Fallick

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