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Online Resources

History of geology resources on the web: a selection by the History of Geology Group (HOGG)

There is a growing number of websites and pages with information about the history of geology and the wider earth sciences, including those of kindred organisations, biographies of geologists, archive guides, and full text reproductions of geological classics.  The History of Geology Group (HOGG) is actively searching for and recording these, and offers the following examples and links.

The content of this page is under development: the first 110+ listings below cover kindred organisations, on-line biographies, some thematic sites, on-line full texts of geological classics and of on-line catalogues of archives.

Following a recent review of the links, some which were found to be broken have been made inactive for the time being.  Please send further suggestions, corrections, and news of broken links to Nic Bilham

Geological Society of London: resources on this site

Kindred Organisations

On-line biographies of Earth scientists

  • Louis Agassiz (1807 - 1873) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
  • Georgius Agricola (1494 - 1555) (by Helmut F. Wilsdorf) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • Georgius Agricola (1494 - 1555) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
  • Mary Anning (1799 - 1847) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
  • Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752 - 1840) (University of Minnesota, Mankato)
  • William Buckland (1784 - 1856) (by Walter F. Cannon) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Thomas Burnet (1635 - 1715) (by Suzanne Kelly) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Robert Chambers (1802 - 1871) (by Wesley C. Williams) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • Robert Chambers (1802 - 1871) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
  • William Daniel Conybeare (1787 - 1857) (by M.J.S. Rudwick) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Georges Cuvier (1769 - 1832) (by Franck Bourdier) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • Georges Cuvier (1769 - 1832) (Bibliothèque National Publique de France)
    • Georges Cuvier (1769 - 1832) "Georges Cuvier, le père de la paléontologie" (Muséum Cuvier à Montbéliard, France)
    • Georges Cuvier (1769 - 1832) "Cuvier, Georges: Biographie" (Futura Sciences)
  • Raymond Dart (1893 - 1988) (University of Minnesota, Mankato)
  • Charles Darwin, (1809 - 1882) Autobiography of Charles Darwin (From Life and Letters of Charles Darwin by Francis Darwin, 1895) (full text: Project Gutenberg) (also available on Victorian Web full texts)
    • Charles Darwin, (1809 - 1882) Un pequeño homenaje a DARWIN, el abuelo de todos los biólogos. (Very extensive apparently anonymous - ?South American - compilation of biographical, scientific and social context material on Darwin, translated into Spanish; many portraits of Darwin and his contemporaries and associates; links to full e-text (in English) of Origin of the Species (1859))
  • Arthur Holmes (1890 - 1965) "Arthur Holmes: An Ingenious Geoscientist" (GSA History of Geology Division) (in PDF format)
    • Arthur Holmes (1890 - 1965) "D'Arthur Holmes à aujourd'hui." (Département de géologie et de génie géologique, Université Laval, Québec)
    • Arthur Holmes (1890 - 1965) Autobiographical accceptance speech on award of Vetlesen Prize of Columbia University, 1964. (Lamont-Docherty Earth Laboratory, Columbia)
    • Arthur Holmes (1890 - 1965) "Arthur Holmes's Principles of Physical Geology" by J.B. Calvert, University of Denver
  • Alexander von Humboldt (1769 - 1859) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • James Hutton (1726 - 1797) (by V.A. Eyles) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • James Hutton (1726 - 1797) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • Robert Jameson (1774 - 1854) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
  • Martin Lister (1639 - 1712) (by Jeffrey Carr) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Charles Lyell (1797 - 1875) (by Leonard G. Wilson) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • Charles Lyell (1797 - 1875) "Charles Lyell (1797-1875) gentleman geologist" by John van Weyhe (The Victorian Web)
    • Charles Lyell (1797 - 1875) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • Gideon Algernon Mantell (1790 - 1852) (by John Challinor) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Hugh Miller (1802 - 1856) (by Wesley C. Williams)(Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • Hugh Miller (1802 - 1856) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • Roderick Impey Murchison (1792 - 1871) (by M.J.S. Rudwick) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Richard Owen (1804 - 1892) (by Wesley C. Williams)(Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Benjamin Neeve Peach (1842 - 1926) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • John Playfair (1748 - 1819) (W.V. Farrar) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Andrew Crombie Ramsay (1814 - 1891) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • George Julius Poulett Scrope, (1797 - 1876) (by L.E. Page) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
  • Adam Sedgwick (1785 - 1873) (by M.J.S. Rudwick) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • Adam Sedgwick (1785-1873) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
    • Adam Sedgwick (1785 - 1873) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • George Gaylord Simpson (1902 - 1984) (University of California at Santa Clara)
  • William Smith (1769 - 1839) (Joan M. Eyles) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)
    • William Smith (1769 - 1839) (GSA History of Geology Division)
    • William Smith (1769 - 1839) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
  • Henry Clifton Sorby (1826 - 1908)
  • Nicholas Steno (1638 - 1686) (University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology)
  • Abraham Gottlob Werner (1749 - 1817) (Biographical introduction and bibliography, Library of the T.U. Bergakademie, Freiberg, Germany)
    • Abraham Gottlob Werner (1749 - 1817) "Abraham Gottlob Werner Mineraloge" by Rudolph Hohl (in PDF format) (Bibliotek, Berlin - Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften)
    • Abraham Gottlob Werner (1749 - 1817) (NAHSTE, University of Edinburgh)
  • John Woodward (1665 - 1728) (V.A. Eyles) (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)

Themes and General Historical Reviews

On-line full texts of geological and related classics

On-line catalogues of archives

  • A2A: Access to Archives - The English Strand of the UK Archives Network fully searchable database of catalogues of nearly 400 record offices and publicly acessible collections. Over 8.7 million entries to date, but still under active development with support from National Archives, British Library and Heritage Lottery Fund, HM Treasury and the Cabinet Office . Currently (December 2005) identifies 375 collections under the search term "geology".
  • Geological Society of London: Summary guide to the Archives of the Society
  • Wernerian Natural History Society (Edinburgh - founded by Robert Jameson): Minute Books 1808 - 1858. (Edinburgh University Library Special Collections)
  • Edinburgh Geological Society Records 1834 - 1990. (Edinburgh University Library Special Collections)
  • William Buckland (1784 - 1856) (National Register of Archives index: 33 collections)
  • Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882) (National Register of Archives index: 40 collections)
  • Archibald Geikie (1835 - 1924) (Edinburgh University Library Special Collections)
  • James Geikie (1839-1915) (Edinburgh University Library Special Collections)
  • Robert Jameson (1774 - 1854) (National Register of Archives index: 11 collections)
  • Charles Lyell (1797 - 1875) (National Register of Archives index: 30 collections)
  • Roderick Impey Murchison (1792-1871) (Edinburgh University Library Special Collections)
  • John Phillips (1800 - 1874) (National Register of Archives index: 23 collections)
  • William Phillips (1775 - 1826) (National Register of Archives index: 3 collections)
  • Joseph Prestwich (1812 - 1896) (National Register of Archives index: 9 collections)
  • Friedrich August von Quenstedt (1809-1889) (Universitätsarchiv Tübingen)
  • Adam Sedgwick (1785 - 1873) (National Register of Archives index: 18 collections)
  • William Smith (1769 - 1839) (National Register of Archives index: 8 collections)
Please send information on further web sites of interest, together with corrections and news of broken links to Nic Bilham.

Past Meeting Resources

HOGG Geological Collectors & Collecting (April 2011)

Geology and Medicine, (November 2011)

On-shore Hydrocarbons Use (April 2007)

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