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Greensand, Bedfordshire

Greensand with clams Image to left: greensand hand specimen with fossil clam shells

Greensand ridge, Bedfordshire

Greensand ridge This ridge of sand-stone, known as the Lower Greensand, lies north of the Chiltern Hills. Unlike the chalk downs of the Chilterns, this area is well-wooded (seen in the distance); the soils are too poor and well-drained for good faming. Greensand is so-called because it contains a green iron-rich mineral called glauconite, that forms in shallow seas. Fossils of sea-shells are also found.

The greensand ridge is actually a low escarpment; the larger chalk escarpment of the Chilterns lying above it, and to the south-east, separated by a low-lying clay vale.
Greensand ridge cross section
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