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In the Sea

Erosion by the sea occurs mainly on exposed shorelines where waves constantly wear away the cliffs and foreshore. Storm waves hurl shingle and rocks at the cliff foot, and drag them over the foreshore, slowly wearing it away to form a wave-cut platform. This action breaks up and rounds the broken rock fragments to form a beach. Organisms living on the rocks of the foreshore may help this process.

Waves and tidal currents transport sediment along the shoreline, a process called longshore drift. Tidal currents can also move sediment out into deeper water.

Turbidity currents are density flows that transport sediment for hundreds of miles - from the continental shelves out into the deep ocean. (See animation).

Erosion in Britain

Examples of erosion caused by the Sea across the U.K. can be seen in the images below, at the locations indicated by the map of Britain.

Old Man of Hoy, Orkney Stack and wave platform in sandstone.
Green Bridge of Wales, Pembrokeshire Rock Arch in limestone.
Britain Map for Sea Erosion
Chesil Beach, Dorset

Chesil Beach, Dorset

Shingle Beach.
Flamborough Head, Yorkshire Chalk cliffs and wave platform.
Lulworth Cove, Dorset. Bay & Headlands.

Can you see where the most resistant rock layers are?

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