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Continental Tectonics and Mountain Building: The Legacy of Peach and Horne

Product Code: SP335
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by R D Law, R W H Butler, R E Holdsworth, M Krabbendam and R A Strachan
Publication Date: 01 July 2010
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Description

The world’s mountain ranges are the clearest manifestations of long-term deformation of the continental crust. As such they have attracted geological investigations for centuries. Throughout this long history of research a few keynote publications stand out. One of the most important is the Geological Survey’s 1907 Memoir on The Geological Structure of the North-West Highlands of Scotland. The Memoir summarized some of the Geological Survey's finest work, and outlined many of the principles of field-based structural and tectonic analysis that have subsequently guided generations of geologists working in other mountain belts, both ancient and modern. The thematic set of 32 papers in this Special Publication celebrate the 100th anniversary of the 1907 Memoir by placing the original findings in both historical and modern contexts, and juxtaposing them against present-day studies of deformation processes operating not only in the NW Highlands, but also in other mountain belts.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-300-1
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-300-4
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 880
Weight: 2.0 kg

Contents

R.D. LAW, R.W.H. BUTLER, R.E. HOLDSWORTH, M. KRABBENDAM & R.A. STRACHAN
Continental tectonics and mountain building. The legacy of Peach and Horne: an introduction

Historical background


R.W.H. BUTLER
The Geological Structure of the NW Highlands of Scotland - revisited: Peach et al. one hundred years on

A.J. BARBER
Peach and Horne - The British Association Excursion to Assynt September 1912

Deep- and mid-crustal processes


J. WHEELER, R.G. PARK, H.R. ROLLINSON & A. BEACH
The Lewisian Complex: insights into deep crustal evolution

M.J. WHITEHOUSE & A.I.S. KEMP
On the difficulty of assigning magmatic protolith, metamorphic and crustal residence ages to Lewisian granulites – constraints from combined in-situ U–Pb and Lu–Hf.

K.M. GOODENOUGH, R.G. PARK, M. KRABBENDAM, J. MYERS, J. WHEELER, S.C. LOUGHLIN, Q.G. CROWLEY, C.R.L. FRIEND, A. BEACH, P.D. KINNY & R.H. GRAHAM
The Laxford Shear Zone, an end-Archaean terrane boundary?

D.R. VIETE, S.W. RICHARD, G.S. LISTER, G.J.H. OLIVER & G.J. BANKS
Lithospheric-scale extension during Grampian orogenesis in Scotland

J.R. MENDUM & S.R. NOBLE
Mid-Devonian sinistral transpressional movements on the Great Glen Fault: the rise of the Rosemarkie Inlier and the Acadian Event in Scotland

I.W.D. DALZIEL
The North-West Highlands Memoir: A century-old legacy for understanding Earth before Pangaea

M.J. STREULE, R.A. STRACHAN, M.P. SEARLE & R.D. LAW
Comparing Tibet-Himalayan and Caledonian crustal architecture, evolution and mountain building processes

Unraveling of multiply deformed and metamorphosed terranes


R.A. STRACHAN, R.E. HOLDSWORTH, M. KRABBENDAM & G.I. ALSOP
The Moine Supergroup: insights into the analysis of polyorogenic supracrustal sequences

G.I. ALSOP, D.C. CHEER, R.A. STRACHAN, M. KRABBENDAM, P.D. KINNY, R.E. HOLDSWORTH & A.G. LESLIE
Progressive fold and fabric evolution associated with regional strain gradients; a case study from across a Scandian ductile thrust nappe, Scottish Caledonides.

T.H. BELL
Deformation partitioning, foliation successions and their significance for orogenesis: hiding lengthy deformation histories in mylonites

Thrust tectonics


R.W.H. BUTLER
The role of thrust tectonic models in understanding structural evolution in NW Scotland

C.A.J. WIBBERLEY & R.W.H. BUTLER
Structure and internal deformation of the Arnaboll Thrust Sheet, north-west Scotland: implications for strain localization in thrust belts

M. KRABBENDAM & A.G. LESLIE
Lateral variations and linkages in thrust geometry: the Traligill Transverse Zone, Assynt Culmination, Moine Thrust Belt, NW Scotland

A.G. LESLIE, M. KRABBENDAM, G.S. KIMBELL & R.A. STRACHAN
Regional-scale lateral variation and linkage in ductile thrust architecture: the Oykell Transverse Zone, and mullions in the Moine nappe, NW Scotland.

M.P. SEARLE, R.D. LAW, J.F. DEWEY & M.J. STREULE
Relationships between the Loch Ailsh and Borralan alkaline intrusions and thrusting in the Moine Thrust zone, southern Assynt culmination, NW Scotland

R.D. HATCHER & P. GEISER
Towards a solution of the 3D balancing problem in curved segments of orogens

C. SIMPSON & D.G. DE PAOR
Restoring maps and memoirs to four-dimensional space using virtual globe technology: a case study from the Scottish Highlands


Microstructural processes and fault rock evolution


R.D. LAW & M.R.W. JOHNSON
Microstructures and crystal fabrics of the Moine thrust zone and Moine nappe: history of research and changing tectonic interpretations

S.H. WHITE
Mylonites: Lessons from Eriboll

R.D. LAW, D. MAINPRICE, M. CASEY, G.E. LLOYD, R.J. KNIPE, B. COOK & J.R. THIGPEN
Moine thrust zone mylonites at the Stack of Glencoul: I - microstructures, strain and influence of recrystallization on quartz crystal fabric development

R.D. LAW
Moine thrust zone mylonites at the Stack of Glencoul: II – results of vorticity analyses and their tectonic implications

G.E. LLOYD, R.D. LAW & D. MAINPRICE
Predicting seismic properties from three-dimensional microstructures - a new look at an old quartzite

J.R. THIGPEN, R.D. LAW, G.E. LLOYD, S.J. BROWN & B. COOK
Deformation temperatures, vorticity of flow and strain symmetry in the Loch Eriboll mylonites, NW Scotland: Implications for the kinematic and structural evolution of the northernmost Moine thrust zone

N.C. BARTH, B.R. HACKER, G.G.E. SEWARD, E.O. WALSH, D. YOUNG & S. JOHNSTON
Strain within the Ultrahigh Pressure Western Gneiss Region of Norway recorded by quartz CPOs

P. XYPOLIAS, D. SPANOS, C. CHATZARAS, S. KOKKALAS & I. KOUKOUVELAS
Vorticity of flow in ductile thrust zones: examples from the Attico-Cycladic Massif (Internal Hellenides, Greece)

G. VIOLA & I.H.C. HENDERSON
Inclined transpression at the toe of an arcuate thrust: an example from the Precambrian ‘Mylonite Zone’ of the Sveconorwegian orogen

R.L. PATTON & A.J. WATKINSON
Shear localization in solids: Insights for mountain building processes from a frame-indifferent ideal material model

Insights into reactivation processes


H. FOSSEN
Extensional tectonics in the North Atlantic Caledonides: a regional view

R.W. WILSON, R.E. HOLDSWORTH, L.E. WILD, K.J.W. MCCAFFREY, R.W. ENGLAND, J. IMBER & R.A. STRACHAN
Basement-influenced rifting and basin development: a reappraisal of post-Caledonian faulting patterns from the North Coast Transfer Zone, Scotland

M. COOPER & M.J. WARREN
The geometric characteristics, genesis and petroleum significance of inversion structures

Index

Reviews

Review by Martin Smith British Geological Survey, Edinburgh

Review featured in Scottish Journal of Geology V48 2012

From the front cover illustration through the ensuing 846 pages of text this Special Publication is a celebration of the 100th anniversary of the publication of the 1907 Survey Memoir on The Geological Structure of the NW Highlands of Scotland by Peach and others. Weighing at 1.9 kg, it makes a hefty statement on your bookshelf (or in the future, megabytes of pdf download), comprising some 32 research and historical review papers written by 74 geoscientists who collectively acknowledge the tremendous contribution of the late nineteenth-century geological pioneers, Ben Peach and John Horne and co-workers.

This is a volume aimed at the academic reader and, for many, will be something to dip in and out of.......

The compilers are to be congratulated. Co-ordinating the paper production and 48 referees involved must have been a labour of dedication and patience. For a text that celebrates the importance of field observation, the illustrations are a key element and with one or two minor disappointments – for example, in a paper by S. White – the field shots and diagrams are first rate (e.g. Alsop et al.; Viola & Henderson). However, the inconsistent use of colour in the photomicrographs is frustrating at times.

Picking up this book may look and feel like a daunting challenge, but for any geologist interested in understanding the evolution of mountain belts it is an invaluable reference work delivering deeper insights with each visit.

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