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Geoarchaeology: Exploration, Environments, Resources

Product Code: SP165
Series: GSL Special Publications
Author/Editor: Edited by A. M. Pollard
Publication Date: 13 October 1999
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Description

Geological Society Special Publication 165

Geology and archaeology have a long history of fruitful collaboration stretching back to the early 19th century. Geoarchaeology - the application of the geosciences to solve research problems in archaeology - has now emerged as a recognized sub-discipline of archaeology, especially in the United States. Traditionally, the methods used include geomorphology, sedimentology, pedology and stratigraphy, reflecting the fact that most archaeological evidence is recovered from the sedimentary environment. As reflected in the sub-title, this volume embraces a broader definition, including geophysics and geochemistry.Geophysical techniques, both terrestrial and remote, are now used routinely to locate and horizontally map buried features of archaeological interest. New developments include the use of georadar and other methods of giving vertical information. Geochemistry has long been used to give information about the exploitation, trade and exchange of mineral resources and finished products such as metals and pottery. Refinements, such as the use of isotopic measurements to define not only exploitation but also production techniques, are increasingly being applied. Perhaps most significantly of all, geoarchaeology can contribute to an understanding of the dynamic relationship between human society and the environment in that most significant (if brief) period of geological time - that in which human activity has dramatically modified the natural world. The papers presented here exemplify the many and varied ways in which geology and archaeology can combine to the mutual benefit of both. Principle Authors: A. M. Pollard, University of Bradford, UK. R. W. Vernon, University of Bradford, UK. R. E. Murdie, Keele University, UK. R. J. Cuss, British Geological Survey, UK. A. G. Latham, Liverpool University, UK. R. Tipping, University of Stirling, UK. V. R. Thorndycraft, University of Exeter, UK. T. P. Young, Cardiff, UK. C. E. Lazareth, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium. A. R. Millard, University of Durham, UK. P. Budd, University of Bradford, UK. G. R. Thomas, University of Wales, UK. V. V. Zaykov, Urals Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia.

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-053-3
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-053-9
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 180
Weight: 0.70 kg

Contents

Geoarchaeology: an introduction • Exploration: Medieval iron and lead smelting works: a geophysical comparison • Euler deconvolution methods used to determine the depth to archaeological features • The application of microgravity in industrial archaeology: an example from the Williamson tunnels, Edge Hill, Liverpool • Environments: The Makapansgat Australopithecine site from a speleological perspective • Testing the potential of soil-stratigraphic palynology in podsols • Tracing the record of early alluvial tin mining on Dartmoor, UK • Resources: Provenancing iron ore from the Bristol Channel Orefield: the cargo of the Medieval Magor Pill Boat • Geochemistry of ballast granites from Brouage and La Rochelle, France: evidence for medieval to post-medieval trade with Falmouth, Cornwall, and Donegal, Ireland • Geochemistry and the early alum industry • Zinc isotope fractionation in liquid brass (Cu-Zn) alloy: potential environmental and archaeological applications • The determination of bloomery furnace mass balance and efficiency • Geoarchaeological research into the historical relics of the south Urals: problems, results, prospects • Index

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