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Eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, from 1995 to 1999, The

Product Code: M0021
Series: GSL Memoirs
Author/Editor: Edited by T. H. Druitt and B. P. Kokelaar
Publication Date: 25 November 2002
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Description

Memoir 21

***Limited stocks remaining

The andesitic dome-building eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano wreaked havoc on the small Caribbean island of Montserrat. About half of this 'emerald Isle' was rendered barren and uninhabitable, almost two-thirds of the original population had to leave, and 19 lives were lost, all as a direct result of the volcanic activity. This Memoir presents results of monitoring and associated research covering almost five-years, from the onset of the eruption in July 1995 until November 1999. Many diverse phenomena related to the ascent and extrusion of andesitic magma have been studied at close quarters. The eruption has permitted detailed documentation and better understanding of processes and associated signals that lead to lava dome instability and to explosive decompression, and of the physical behaviours and characteristics of associated pyroclastic currents. It has also provided the opportunity for development of different methods in hazards assessment and zonation, including formal elictations of international scientific expertise and statistical treatments of eruption-scenario models. The eruption and its consequences constitute an important case of volcanic crisis management and of the interactions between scientists, authorities and populace on a small island, with significant lessons for the future.

This volume contains 30 papers, many of which address the chronology, dynamics, products and associated hazards of the eruption. It also includes papers specifically on the associated geophysics and geochemistry. Four introductory papers provide overviews of the eruption chronology and consequences, of the scientific results, of the evolution, organisation, role and activities of the Montserrat Volcano Observatory, and of the volcanic evolution of Montserrat through time. A large photographic record of the 1995-1999 eruptive period is included.

Audience / Readership: The international volcanological community. Universities and earth science libraries. Volcano observatories.

 

Also available: The Eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat from 2000 to 2010

Type: Book
Ten Digit ISBN: 1-86239-098-3
Thirteen Digit ISBN: 978-1-86239-098-0
Publisher: GSL
Binding: Hardback
Pages: 664
Weight: 2.6 kg

Contents

Setting, chronology and consequences of the eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat (1995-1999) • The eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat (1995-1999): overview of scientific results • The Montserrat Volcano Observatory: its evolution, organisation, role and activities • The volcanic evolution of Montserrat using 40 Ar/39Ar geochronology • Growth patterns and emplacement of the andesitic lava dome at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Dynamics of magma ascent and lava extrusion at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Mechanisms of Lava Dome Instability and Generation of rockfalls and Pyroclastic Flows at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Pyroclastic flows generated by the 25 June 1997 dome collapse, Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Eyewitness accounts for the 25 June 1997 pyroclastic flows at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, and implications for disaster mitigation • Deposits from dome-collapse and fountain-collapse pyroclastic flows at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Small-colume, highly mobile pyroclastic flows formed by rapid sedimentation from pyroclastic surges at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat: an important volcanic hazard • Episodes of cyclic Vulcanian explosive activity with fountain collapse at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Modelling of conduit flow dynamics during explosive activity at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Computational modelling of the transient dynamics of the August 1997 Vulcanian explosions at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat: influence of initial conduit conditions on near-vent pyroclastic dispersal • Hazard implications of small-scale edifice instability and sector collapse: a case history from Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • The 26 December (Boxing Day) 1997 sector collapse and debris avalanche at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Generation of a debris avalanche and violent pyroclastic density current on 26 December (Boxing Day) 1997 at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Sedimentology of deposits from the pyroclastic density current of 26 December 1997 at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • The explosive decompression of a pressurised volcanic dome: The 26 December 1997 collapse and explosion of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Pyroclastic flow and explosive activity at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, during a period of virtually no magma extrusion (March 1998 to November 1999) • Tephra fallout in the eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Numerical modelling of tephra fallout associated with dome collapses and Vulcanian explosions: application to hazard assessment on Montserrat • Dynamics of Volcanic and Meteorological Clouds Produced on 26 December (Boxing Doay) 1997 at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Monitoring of Airborne Particulate Matter during the Eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Seismicity, gas emission and deformation from 18 July to 25 September 1995 during the initial phreatic phase of the eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Spaceborne radar measurement of the eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • The Relationship Between Degassing and Rockfall Signals at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • A model of the seismic wavefield in gas-charged magma: application to Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat • Observations of low-frequency earthquakes and volcanic tremor at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat • Variation in HC1/S02 gas ratios observed by Fourier transform spectroscopy at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat

Reviews

Review by J. M. BARDINTZEFF
14.05.2015

Featured in "Géochronique" (N°133, March 2015).
Translated review

All very rich and luxuriously presented contains many documents informative, many in colour, of spectacular photos.

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